Vitamins are nutrients used by the body but cannot be made by the body, so loved ones over 70 need to add vitamins into their diet or complement their diet with special supplements called vitamin pills or powders. Vitamins are divided into two groups—water-soluble and fat-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins dissolve in water, so the excess passes out of the body through urine or other bodily fluids, while fat-soluble vitamins dissolve in fat, so any excess is stored in the body’s adipose tissue.
This vitamin works as an antioxidant to help prevent cell damage. The best food sources are sweet potatoes, carrots, tomatoes, spinach, and kale. Vitamin A supplement may be recommended for those suffering from dry eye syndrome or night blindness. This is also an excellent vitamin for loved ones who suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome or rheumatoid arthritis.
One of many vitamins that are known to be beneficial for seniors over 70 is Vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 is vital for keeping the heart, brain, liver, and nervous system healthy. If you notice changes in your loved ones’ health, such as memory problems or ringing in the ears, it could be a sign of a Vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to other severe conditions such as high blood pressure and nerve damage.
B6 is a water-soluble vitamin that promotes nervous system health and aids in metabolizing carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. In addition to its role in metabolism, Vitamin B6 also helps keep red blood cells healthy. Individuals over 70 should consume 2 mg of Vitamin B6 per day. Vitamin B6 can be found in fortified breakfast cereals, rice, beans, beef liver, eggs, spinach, and bananas.
Vitamin C helps the body absorb iron, protect against heart disease, and reduce inflammation. It also helps the body to produce collagen, which keeps skin healthy and reduces wrinkling. Vitamin C is one of those rare nutrients that fight off free radicals in a big way—it has been linked to longevity, cancer prevention, and better immunity from infections. Many older adults don’t get enough Vitamin C from food sources, so supplements can help ensure your loved ones get all they need each day.
The best vitamin for your elderly loved ones is Vitamin D. This powerful antioxidant can decrease inflammation and boost immunity, which are important for maintaining strong bones and muscles. Many foods contain Vitamin D, such as cheese, eggs, and fortified milk—but if your loved ones are not getting enough through food sources, a supplement may be worth it.
One of Vitamin E’s effects is its ability to promote healthy cholesterol levels. Studies show that supplementation with Vitamin E can help lower LDL cholesterol levels in those with mild or moderate hypercholesterolemia while also helping increase HDL cholesterol. Research also shows that loved ones who supplement with these vitamins maintain a healthier ratio of total cholesterol to HDL than those who don’t supplement at all.
One vitamin that your loved ones should consume is Vitamin K. The body needs it for strong bones, but blood platelets also use it to help with clotting. The recommended daily intake of Vitamin K is 90 micrograms for adult men and women over 19 years old.